A Day Out In Siena, Tuscany

Yesterday we went with my niece Jessica for a day trip to the beautiful city of Siena in Tuscany. It was raining heavily when we arrived but we bought umbrellas and didn’t let the weather put us off our sightseeing trip. I parked at the San Francesco car park, from where a series of escalators bring you up right next to the church of San Francesco. From here it is a quick walk right into the centre of town.

What We Saw

Our time was limited and I had a few things that I planned to pack in to our day out. For a first time visitor I thought that a visit to the Duomo and the Museo Civico were the most important things to see, along with a stroll around the Campo, Siena’s scallop-shell shaped central piazza. A joint ticket costing €12 gives you access to the Duomo, the attached Piccolomini library with Pinturicchio’s frescoes depicting the life of Pope Pius II, the Baptistry, the crypt below the Duomo and the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo (which has most of the panels from Duccio’s altarpiece originally in the Duomo and great views from the top of the unfinished Cathedral extension).

Central Panel Of Duccio's Altarpiece In Siena

The Central Panel Of Duccio’s Altarpiece In Siena

Museo dell’Opera del Duomo

We started with the Duomo museum and, having admired the panels of Duccio’s medieval masterpiece, made our way up a claustrophobic spiral staircase. This took us to the top of the wall that would have been the front of an enormous Duomo extension. Unfortunately, in 1348 the Black Death killed the majority of the population of Siena and the project was abandoned. This is a great vantage point, and, although not as high as the Torre del Mangia that towers above the Campo, it offers a bird’s eye view of the city without having to queue.

Siena's Duomo viewed from the unfinished medieval extension

Siena’s Duomo viewed from the unfinished medieval extension

Siena Duomo

From here we headed into into the Duomo with its impressive green and white striped marble columns and spacious interior. You can look down as well as up here, the floors have intricate designs in inlaid marble.

The interior of Siens's Duomo

The interior of Sienas’s Duomo

The Piccolomini Library

A doorway on the left of the Duomo leads into the Piccolomini Library, frescoed by Umbrian painter Pinturicchio who was possibly helped by Raphael. The frescoes show scenes from the life of a great Renaissance pope (and local boy made good), Pius II.

The ceiling of the Piccolomini Library

The ceiling of the Piccolomini Library

Siena, Baptistry & Crypt

Once we had finished in the Duomo, we used our tickets to visit the Baptistry and the Crypt, then we walked back to the Campo and bought tickets for the Museo Civico, situated in the Palazzo Publicco (€8 full price, €5.50 reduction).

Museo Civico, Siena

There were four paintings that I wanted to show my niece here, Simone Martini’s Maestà, his equine portrait of Guidoriccio da Fogliano and Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s frescoes of Good and Bad Government.

The effects of good government depicted by Ambrogio Lorenzetti in Siena

The effects of good government depicted by Ambrogio Lorenzetti

Although the Maestà is a common theme in medieval art, Simone Martini’s version had a new feature; he painted a canopy over the throne to give the painting more depth. Whether the portrait of Guidoriccio da Fogliano is actually by Simone Martini is the subject of fierce debate in the art world, however, whoever it is by, it is a beautiful painting.

Simone's Maestà in the Museo Civico, Siena

Simone’s Maestà in the Museo Civico, Siena

Good & Bad Goverment

In the next room Ambrogio Lorenzetti painted his Allegory of Good and Bad Government to remind Siena’s ruling council of the effects that their decisions could have. A few years later the city was thrown into chaos as the Black Death swept through Siena’s narrow streets, killing Ambrogio Lorenzetti and his brother Pietro along with over half the population. The scenes from the Bad Government fresco must have seemed all too real to the survivors.